The History of Beer
A little history..
One of the world’s oldest beverage is a four letter word known as Beer. Almost dating back to 6000 BC in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. Some of the early Sumerian writings contain references to a specific type of beer. People in that era would do prayers to the goddess Ninkasi, serving for two proposes one as a prayer as well as a method of remembering the recipe for the beer in a culture with few literate people.
The main process of beer is the fermentation of substance containing carbohydrates, rich in sugar or starch. Most likely that beer was independently invented and improved among various culture around the world. The Combination of bread and beer is proof of humanity’s ability to develop technology and creation of civilization. The earliest known era of evidence of beer dates was 3500-3100 BC in the site of Godin Tepe in the Zargos Mountains of western Iran.
This Famous beverage has spread in Europe by the Germanic and Celtic tribes around the 3000 BC, mostly brewed on a domestic scale. The early European beers might contain alongside the basic starch source: fruits, honey, numerous types of plants, spices and other substances such as narcotic drugs. What they did not contain was hops, as that was a later addition mentioned in Europe around 822 by a Carolingian Abbot and again in 1067 by Abbess Hildegard of Bingen.
Before the Industrial Revolution beer was still produced and sold on a domestic scale. During the Industrial Revolution, the production of beer moved from a domestic manufacture to an industrial manufacture. This movement brought domestic manufactured beer to a cease at the end of of the 19th century. The invention of the hydrometers and thermometers changed brewing by allowing more control on the making process, and of course greater knowledge of the results.
Today, the brewing industry is a global business, consisting of several dominant multinational companies and many thousands of smaller producers ranging from brewpubs to regional breweries. Each year more than 133 billion liters are sold, producing total global revenues around $300 billion.